Kenai Peninsula Borough
2nd Class Borough
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (kee' nigh); includes Kenaitze (key night' zuh)
- Community's Judicial District
Geography and Climate
- The Kenai Peninsula Borough is comprised of the Kenai Peninsula, Cook Inlet, and a large unpopulated area northeast of the Alaska Peninsula. The borough includes portions of the Chugach National Forest, Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, Kenai Fjords National Park, and portions of the Lake Clark and Katmai National Park. The twin cities of Kenai and Soldotna are the population centers of the borough, approximately 65 air miles south of Anchorage.
- January temperatures range from 4 to 22 °F; July temperatures vary from 46 to 65 °F. Average annual precipitation is 20 inches.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Historically, the Kenaitze Indians (Dena'ina) occupied the peninsula. The City of Kenai was founded in 1791 as a Russian fur trading post. In the early 1900s, cannery operations and construction of the railroad spurred development. It was the site of the first major Alaska oil strike in 1957 and has been a center for exploration and production since that time. The borough was incorporated as a second-class borough in 1964.
- The Kenai Peninsula, located 60 air miles south of Anchorage, is filled with stunning scenery, fascinating history, and a rich cultural heritage. The Kenai River is a major sport fishing location for Anchorage residents and tourists. The river is world-renowned for trophy king (chinook), silver (coho), and red (sockeye) salmon, so the peninsula is well-traveled by sportsmen during summer months. The area has a well-capitalized infrastructure of airports, sports, roads, public schools, and energy-related facilities. The economy of the borough consists of heritage industries, including commercial fishing, mining, and timber, as well as tourism and petroleum industry activities. The natural beauty and recreational activities have led to a growing tourism industry with a well-developed list of attractions, including the world-famous Kenai River, the Alaska SeaLife Center, the Challenger Learning Center, art galleries, and millions of acres of public forests.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Central Kenai Peninsula Hospital, South Peninsula Hospital, Schools, Fire, EMS/Ambulance, Landfill, Senior Citizens Programs, Planning, Coastal Zone Management, Swimming Pools, Roads, Kenai River Center, Environmental Protection
- The Kenai Peninsula is connected to Alaska's road system via the the Sterling Highway. Scheduled and charter airlines and helicopter services are provided. Both Homer and Seward have developed deepwater docks. The Nikiski industrial area has 4 additional private docking facilities for tankers, ocean-going freighters, and other marine transportation. The Alaska Marine Highway System serves Homer.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection