2nd Class City
in the Dillingham Census Area
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (ah leck' nuh gick)
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Bristol Bay
Geography and Climate
- Aleknagik is located at the head of Wood River on the southeast end of Lake Aleknagik, 16 miles northwest of Dillingham.
- Aleknagik is in a transitional climate zone. The primary influence is maritime, although a continental climate does affect the weather here. Average summer temperatures range from 30 to 66 °F. Average winter temperatures range from 4 to 30 °F. Average annual precipitation is 20 to 35 inches, and average annual snowfall is 93 inches. Fog and low clouds are common during July and August and may preclude access. The lake and river are ice-free from June through mid-November.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Wood River and Aleknagik Lake have been used historically as summer fish camps. Aleknagik means "Wrong Way Home," because Natives returning to their homes along the Nushagak River would sometimes become lost in the fog and find themselves swept up the Wood River with the tide, inadvertently arriving at Aleknagik Lake. The 1929 U.S. Census found 55 people living in the "Wood River Village" area to the south. In 1930, there were five families living on the shores of the lake year-round: the Waskeys, Polleys, Hansons, Yakos, and Smiths. A log cabin territorial school was built on the south shore of the lake in 1933, and Josie Waskey was the first teacher. Attracted by the school, other facilities, and plentiful fish, game, and timber, a number of families from Goodnews, Togiak, and Kulukak relocated to Aleknagik. A post office was established in 1937. A two-story framed school with a teacher apartment was constructed in 1938. By 1939, Aleknagik had 78 residents, over 30 buildings, and a small sawmill. In the late 1940s, a Seventh-Day Adventist mission and school was established on the north shore. During the 1950s, a Moravian church and a Russian Orthodox church were built in Aleknagik and over 35 families lived along the lake. In 1959, the state constructed a 25-mile road connecting the south shore to Dillingham. The road was passable only during the summer months, until the late 1980s, when it was upgraded and maintained year-round. The city was incorporated in 1973. Over 24 additional square miles were annexed to the city in April 2000.
- It is a traditional Yup'ik Eskimo area, with historical influences from the Seventh-Day Adventists, Russian Orthodox, and Moravians. Fishing and subsistence activities are practiced.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Aleknagik
- Local Option Restrictions
- Sale by specific type of license only: Outdoor Recreation Lodge License Only
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Piped Sewer, Septic Pumping, Landfills,(North and South Shores) Sewage Lagoon (North Shore) Volunteer Fire/ EMS, Health Clinic (North & South) Airport (State Contract), Dock, Boat Haul & Storage, Senior Center, Transportation, Roads ( State Contract) Post Office, Gravel sales, Equipment Rentals, State Funded Public Safety Officer, City Shop.
- Aleknagik is the only regional village with a road link to Dillingham, a 25-mile road that connects the south shore. There are 4 runways in Aleknagik. One airport is a state-owned 2,040' long by 80' wide gravel airstrip located on the north shore, and regular flights are scheduled through Dillingham. The north shore of the lake is not road accessible; residents use skiffs to travel to town on the south shore. Moody's Aleknagik Seaplane Base, also on the north shore, accomodates float planes. The two additional airstrips are private runways; one is a 1,200' by 25' gravel dirt runway, located 2 miles southeast of Aleknagik, and the other is a 1,150' by 35' gravel runway. A breakwater, barge landing, boat launch ramp, and boat lift are available on the north shore. Vehicles, skiffs, ATVs, and snowmachines are the most frequent means of local transportation.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District