Kodiak Island Borough
2nd Class Borough
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (koh' dee ack); includes Shoonaq'
Geography and Climate
- Kodiak Island is located on the western side of the Gulf of Alaska. It lies 252 air miles south of Anchorage (a 55-minute flight) and is a 3-hour flight from Seattle.
- The climate of the Kodiak Islands is dominated by a strong marine influence. There is little or no freezing weather, moderate precipitation, and frequent cloud cover and fog. Severe storms are common from December through February. Annual precipitation averages 60 inches on the windward side of the island and 40 inches on the leeward side. Temperatures remain within a narrow range, from 32 to 62 °F.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- Kodiak Island has been inhabited since 8,000 BC and was settled by Russian fur trappers in 1792. Sea otter pelts were the primary incentive for Russian exploration at that time. Kodiak was the first capital of Russian Alaska, which moved to Sitka when Alaska was purchased by the U.S. in 1867. Since the Aleutian Campaign of World War II, several branches of the military have maintained a presence in Kodiak. The 1960s brought growth in commercial fisheries and fish processing. The borough was incorporated in 1963.
- The island culture is grounded in commercial and subsistence fishing activities and is primarily non-Native. A Russian Orthodox church seminary is based in Kodiak, one of the two existing seminaries of this kind in the U.S. The US Coast Guard plays an important role in the borough.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Municipal Facilities & Utilities
- Refuse Collection, Landfill, Hospital, Schools, Fire, Fisheries Research Center, Transit, Tourism Development, Community & Economic Development, Child Care Assistance, Building Safety, Roads, Arts Council, First Responder/EMS
- Kodiak is accessible by air and sea. Airports and seaplane facilities serve air traffic island-wide. The Alaska Marine Highway System operates a ferry service from Chignik and Homer. Two boat harbors serve commercial and transient vessels. Approximately 140 miles of state roads connect island communities on the east side of the island.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection