in the North Slope Borough
- Area Type
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- a.k.a. Kali
- Community's Judicial District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Point Lay is located south of the Kokolik River mouth, about 300 miles southwest of Barrow.
- The climate is arctic. Temperatures range from -55 to 78 °F. Precipitation is light, averaging 7 inches annually, with 21 inches of snow. The Chukchi Sea is ice-free from late June until September.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
History and Culture
- Point Lay is one of the more recently established Inupiaq villages on the Arctic coast and has historically been occupied year-round by a small group of one or two families. They were joined in 1929-30 by several more families from Point Hope. The deeply-indented shoreline has prevented effective bowhead whaling, but the village participates in beluga whaling. In 1974, the village moved from the old site on a gravel barrier island just offshore. The old village site is now used as a summer hunting camp. Some residents of Barrow and Wainwright relocated to the village in the mid-1970s. In the late 1970s, due to seasonal flooding from the Kokolik River, the village relocated again to a site near the Air Force Distance Early Warning station to the south. Homes were relocated to the new townsite.
- Point Lay is a traditional Inupiat Eskimo village, with a dependence upon subsistence activities.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Native Village of Point Lay
- Local Option Restrictions
- Ban sale and importation of alcohol.
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Point Lay is accessible year-round by air. Coastal and overland access are seasonal. The U.S. Air Force owns the public gravel airstrip in Point Lay. ERA Alaska provides direct flights from Barrow and Point Hope. Barges typically leave the Seattle area by July 1 and arrive in Barrow by August 1, delivering goods to North Slope Borough communities along the way. Landing craft are used to transfer goods from the barge landing sight to the community. Approximately eight miles of gravel roads are present in Point Lay. During the winter, an extensive network of trails is available for travel between communities and to subsistence sites. The trails are impassible in summer due to the presence of wetlands and many small lakes. Point Lay is connected to Point Hope, Wainwright, and Barrow via a coastal trail. The trail network also connects Wainwright to Deadhorse, Nuiqsut, and Atqasuk, and Nuiqsut south to Anaktuvuk Pass. Snowmobiles are used for winter travel between communities and to subsistence camps.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District