in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
- Area Type
- Place of Interest
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
- Census Designated Place (CDP)
- Borough/Census Area FIPS Code
- Place FIPS
Geography and Climate
- Chicken is located at mile 66 of the Taylor Highway, approximately 100 road miles southwest of Eagle. It lies on the right bank of Chicken Creek, one mile north of Mosquito Fork, in the Fortymile River Basin.
- Interior Alaska experiences seasonal temperature extremes. January temperatures average -22 to -2 °F, but temperatures as low as -70 °F have been recorded. July temperatures range from 50 to 80 °F. Average annual precipitation is 11.3 inches.
- Community Map Available
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- The area has been the historical home to Han Kutchin Indians. Mining began in the area with the discovery of gold on Franklin Gulch in 1886. In 1896 Bob Mathieson found a major prospect on Upper Chicken Creek, staked his claim and built a cabin. Chicken (a common name for ptarmigan) grew as a hub of activity for the southern portion of the Fortymile Mining District. Seven hundred miners were thought to be working the area between 1896 and 1898. Although many miners left during the Klondike Gold Rush of 1898, Chicken remained a viable community. A post office was established in 1903 when the population was around 400. In 1906 Harvey Van Hook built the two-story Chicken Creek Hotel. In 1925 Ann "Tisha" Purdy taught school in the building. From 1946-1953, Molly and Bob McComb used the building as a roadhouse, store, and bunkhouse. In 1953 F.E. Company bought the grounds and turned it into a mess hall and bunkhouse for their employees. Approximately a dozen buildings in historical downtown Chicken are listed on the National Register of Historical Places. The Pedro Dredge, also a National Historic site, originally mined in the Fairbanks area before its move to Chicken in 1959. The dredge is one of the few dredges in the state open to the public.
- Residents enjoy the quiet and isolation of Chicken. Children are home-schooled.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- During the summer months only, Chicken is accessible from Tok via the Taylor Highway or Dawson City in the Yukon Territory via the Top of the World Highway. A state-owned gravel airstrip is available. There is no gas station between Eagle and Chicken.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District