in the Hoonah-Angoon Census Area
- Current Population
- Population Comment
- 2013 Department of Labor Estimate
- Pronunciation/Other Names
- (CLUCK-wahn); a.k.a. Chilkat (CHILL-cat)
- Community's Judicial District
- Recording District
Geography and Climate
- Klukwan is located on the north bank of the Chilkat River, about 22 miles north of Haines, off the Haines Highway. It lies at the junction of the Kleheni and Tsirku Rivers, 100 miles northeast of Juneau. It is the only inland settlement in Southeast Alaska.
- Klukwan has a maritime climate characterized by cool summers and mild winters. Average summer temperatures range from 42 to 66 °F; winter temperatures average from 4 to 31 °F. They receive much less precipitation than is typical of Southeast Alaska. Total precipitation averages 23 inches a year, with 104 inches of snow.
- Community Map Available
- Map URL
- Sq Mi Land
- Sq Mi Water
History and Culture
- In 1880, the U.S. Navy reported the name of the village as "Chilcat of Klukquan," which is said to mean "the old town." The Chilkat tightly controlled the trails to trade with Interior Indians. At that time, the Chilkat numbered approximately 1,000 among five area villages. In 1881, the Willard Mission and School was constructed in Haines. Four canneries were built in the area by the turn of the century. In the late 1890s, the Dalton Trail from Chilkat Inlet to Whitehorse offered an easier route for wagons and cattle to the Klondike gold fields. However, the Chilkoot Trail out of Skagway was used by most prospectors. By the early 1900s, Klukwan was the last remaining Chilkat village in the area.
- Klukwan is a traditional Tlingit village, well known for its Chilkat blankets and dance robes woven from mountain goat hair and cedar bark. Fishing, logging, and subsistence activities support the community. The area hosts the largest concentration of bald eagles in the world, at the Chilkat Bald Eagle Reserve. Klukwan also has a Jilkaat Cultural Heritage Center with artifacts stored and displayed, an arts and crafts studio, and a replica tribal house, as well as cultural tours the present information on traditional ways of life. Residents subsist on salmon and eulachon from the Chilkat River.
- Federally Recognized Tribe
- Name of Federally Recognized Tribe
- Chilkat Indian Village
Facilities, Utilities, and Health Care
- Klukwan is accessible from the Haines Highway, which is connected to the Alcan Highway through Canada. Residents rely on the scheduled air flights, harbor, dock, barge, ferry, and trucking services of Haines.
- State Ferry
- Cargo Barge
- Road Connection
- Community's Senate District
- Community's House District